What is Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP) Safety Rating System?
- Feb 03, 2018
Buying a car is never an easy walk in the park kind of task. Aside from looking into the car history report or going through a revs check of the vehicle you are planning to buy, there are still many other resources which can help you determine if you are making the right choice. One such program is none other than ANCAP.
What is ANCAP?
ANCAP or Australasian New Car Assessment Progrnewam provides customers useful consistent information regarding the occupant protection level they can get out of vehicles in the event that serious side and front crashes take place.
ANCAP basically encompasses crash testing of new models of vehicles under stringently controlled conditions as a way of comparing the levels of injury and the possibilities of survival of the occupants that could find themselves involved in side and frontal impacts.
In addition, there is a separate test for the assessment of pedestrian protection. Results of such tests are not indicated in the general evaluation as these are being reported separately.
Australasian New Car Assessment Program is a crucial initiative on consumer safety that is backed up by the RAA, other motoring associations in Australia, the State government transport and road authorities in Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, Victoria, and New South Wales, the New Zealand Automobile Association, the New Zealand Land Transport Safety Authority, and the Commonwealth Department of Transport and Regional Services.
The official website of ANCAP contains comprehensive details regarding results and testing for different vehicles.
If you are planning to purchase a new car, it wouldn’t hurt to combine car history check and revs check with crash test results from ANCAP.
Quick Overview of Safety Testing
ANCAP makes use of an array of globally recognized crash tests which are done and carried out by specialist laboratories working independently.
In every physical test, there are dummies being used for scientific measurement of the different forces experienced by the occupants during the crash. Details are gathered and assessed together with the vehicle’s physical assessment and the score identified for every test. Aside from that, vehicles should be fitted with specific safety assist technologies and safety features. The said requirements will then undergo assessment hand in hand with the scores of the physical crash test with the overall score that has been translated to safety rating of ANCAP that ranges from 1 to 5 stars.
When the score is higher and with safety inclusions being greater, you can expect more stars.
The Test on Frontal Offset
Frontal offset test will simulate hitting the other car of similar mass that travels at a similar speed. On the side of the driver, 40 percent of the vehicle makes close contact with the crushable barrier made from aluminum at 64 kilometers per hour. Dummies inside the car indicate the possible injuries that can result from this crash test.
The Test on Side Impact
Side impact test is composed of running the trolley weighing 950 kilograms into the side of the driver of the vehicle running at 50 kilometers per hour. This troller comes with crushable aluminum face for simulating another car’s front part.
The Test on the Pole
In pole test, the vehicle is basically propelled sideway at 29km per hour into a firm pole aligned with the head of the driver. The pole is narrow, which results to major penetration into the car’s side. The curtain airbags are very effective when it comes to reducing the possibility of serious injury in the head on this kind of crash.
The Test on Pedestrian
These tests are actually carried out to estimate the leg and head injuries to the pedestrians struck by vehicles at 40km per hour. Such crashes represent about fifteen percent of the fatal crashes in New Zealand and Australia up to thirty percent in several urban areas.
The Test on Whiplash
It’s conducted in 2 parts, which include head restraint’s geometric measurement and dynamic test with the use of the car seat that is mounted to the test sled that simulates rear-end crash equivalent to stationary car being hit at thirty-two kilometers per hour.
Advancements on Vehicle Safety
Recently, there were advancements made to vehicle safety and these are very important nowadays. In the previous years, car safety is only focused on passive safety features including seat belts and airbags with advanced technologies on safety assist, the focus also changed to an active collision avoidance technology.
A lot of manufacturers have developed different SAT and these are included in various vehicles. New SAT assessments and physical tests have been developed by the NCAPs or New Car Assessment Programs in some countries, which provides consumers a great amount of information on comparative safety level provided by new cars and encouraging the manufacturers to include structural improvements and technologies. As results, the European-based sister organization of ANCAP, which is Euro NCAP, has introduced some changes to the test program in the future.
The forward plan of ANCAP takes some of these advancements and changes into account. Nevertheless, provided the rapid pace in which car safety is moving as well as the need for the NCAPs in acknowledging such advancements, ANCAP adjusted its entire forward plan. Starting 2015, the requirements of ANCAP will align closely with the Euro NCAP to provide the consumers with the safest cars and best technology available.
Scores of Tests
ANCAP basically scores out of 37 points. Here are the points you can earn from the tests:
- Side impact and frontal offset tests – Maximum of 16 points each and for you to earn 5-star ANCAP safety rating, you need to get at least 12.5 points in every test.
- Pole test – 2 points
- Intelligent seatbelt reminders – Maximum of 3 bonus points for you to boost a star rating.
To earn 5 star safety training, it is required to achieve at least 32.5 points with at least 1 point from your pole test.
There are other details you need to know about the ANCAP ratings. Make sure to keep this in mind for your safety.